Wp/nod/ᩋᨴᩬᨾ

< Wp‎ | nodWp > nod > ᩋᨴᩬᨾ
ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩ​ᩌᩦᩃ᩠ᨿᨾ
ᩈᨳᩣᨶᩡᨻᩨ᩠᩶ᨶᨡᩬᨦᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩᩌᩦᩃ᩠ᨿ᩵ᨾ
ᨽᩣ᩠ᨻ​ᩅᩤ᩠ᨯ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᩌᩦᩃ᩠ᨿᨾ​​ ᩁᩮᩢᩣ​ᨧᩢ​ᩉᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᨾᩦ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ​ᩈᩦ​ᨩᩫᨾᩛᩪ​ ᩓ᩠ᩅᨣᩴ​ᨾᩦ​ᨠᩣ᩠ᩁ​ᨠᩕᨧᩣ᩠ᨿ​ᨲᩫ᩠ᩅ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᨺ᩶ᩣ​ᩋᩥᩃᩮᩢ᩠ᨠᨴᩬᨶ​ᩈᩦ​ᨯᩴᩣ᪩ ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᩌᩦᩃ᩠ᨿᨾ-᪄​ ᨴᩣ᩠ᨦᨹᩮᩥ᩠ᨠᨡ᩠ᩅᩣ​ᩉᩢ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨴᩯ᩶​ᨧᩢ​ᩈᨯᩯ᩠ᨦ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨿᩣ᩠ᨠ​ᩉᩮᩖᩬᩥᩋ​ᨶᩦ᩶ ᨿ᩶ᩬᩁ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᨾᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᨾᩦ​ᩃᩢᨠ᩠ᨡᨱᩁᩪᨷ᩼ᨾᩫ᩠ᨶ ᩃᩮᩥ᩠ᨿᩐᩣ​ᨾᩣ​ᩈᨯᩯ᩠ᨦ​ᨲᩫ᩠ᨦ​ᩀ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨯᩦ᪩ ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᩋᩨ᩠᩵ᨶᪧ​ ᩉᩖ᩶ᩣ᩠ᨦᨧᩢ​ᨷᩴ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨩᩮᩬᩥ᩶ᩋ​ᨶᩦ᩶​ᨣᩴ​ᨯᩱ᩶᪩ ᨳᩯ᩠ᨷ​ᩈᩦ​ᨯᩴᩣ​ᨴᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᩃᩩ᩵ᨾ​ᩉᩢ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᩈᨯᩯ᩠ᨦ​ᩃ᩠ᩅᨦ​ᨿᩣ᩠ᩅ ᪁ ᩋᩢ᩠ᨦᩈᨴᩕᩬᨾ​ (᪁᪀᪀ ᨻᩥᨤᩰᨾᩮᨲᩕ)
ᨷᩕᨽᩮ᩠ᨴ
ᩈᩥ᩠᩵ᨦ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨩᩮᩬᩥ᩵ᩋ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᩉ᩠ᨶᩥ᩶ᩅᨴᩦ᩵​ᩈᩩᨯ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩ​ᨥᩮᨾᩦ
ᨣᩩᨱᩈᩫᨾ᩠ᨷᩢᨲ᩠ᨲᩥ᩼
ᨾ᩠ᩅᩃ᩼ᩋᨴᩬᨾ: 1.67 x 10-27 ᨳᩮᩥ᩠ᨦ 4.52 x 10-25
ᨷᩕᨧᩩᨼᩱᨼ᩶ᩣ: ᩆᩩᨶ᩠ᨿ᩼​ᩁᩂ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨠᩖᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨴᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨼᩱᨼ᩶ᩣ, ᨳ᩶ᩣ​ᨾᩦ​ᨷᩕᨧᩩ​ᨧᩢ​ᩁ᩶ᩬᨦ​ᩅ᩵ᩤᩋᩱᩋᩬᨶ
ᩃ᩠ᩅᨦ​ᩈᩮ᩠ᨶ᩶​ᨹ᩵ᩣ​ᨠᩖᩣ᩠ᨦ : ᨲ᩠ᨦᩢ᩶ᨲᩯ᩵ 62 pm (ᩌᩦᩃ᩠ᨿᨾ) ᨹᩯ᩠ᩅ 520 pm (ᨪᩦᨪ᩠ᨿᨾ) (ᩁᩢᩔ᩠ᨾᩦ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩ)
ᩋᨶᩩᨽᩣ᩠ᨣ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᩉ᩠ᨶᩥ᩶ᩅ​ᩉᩖᩮᩬᩥᩋ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ: ᩋᩥᩃᩮᩢ᩠ᨠᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᩓ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨾᩦᨻᩕᩰᨴᩬᨶ​ᩓ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᩋᩢ᩠ᨯ​ᩉᩯ᩠ᨶ᩶ᩁ​ᩀᩪ᩵​ᨻᩣ᩠ᨿ​ᨶᩲ

ᩋᨴᩬᨾ (ᨠᩕᩦ᩠ᨠ: άτομον; ᨵᩱ᩠ᨿ: อะตอม; ᩋᩢ᩠ᨦᨠᩕᩥ᩠ᩈ: Atom) ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᩋᩫᨦ᩠ᨣ᩼​ᨷᩕᨠᩬᨷ​ᨻᩨ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨮᩣ᩠ᨶ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᩈᩈᩣ᩠ᩁ ᨾᩦ​ᩈ᩠᩵ᩅᩁ​ᨷᩕᨠᩬᨷ​ᩈᩴᩣᨣᩢ᩠ᨬ​ᨤᩨ ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ ᩋᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᨾᩦ​ᨻᩕᩰᨴᩬᩁ ᩓ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᩁ ᩀᩪ᩵​ᨻᩣ᩠ᨿ​ᨶᩱ ᩓ᩠ᩅ​ᨾᩦ​ᩋᩥᩃᩮᩢ᩠ᨠᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᩅᩯ᩠ᨯ​ᩃ᩶ᩬᨾ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ​ᨳᩯ᩠ᨾ​ᩀ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨶᩧ᩠᩵ᨦ᪩ ᩋᩥᩃᩮᩢ᩠ᨠᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᨾᩦ​ᨷᩕᨧᩩ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᩃᩫ᩠ᨷ᪩ ᨻᩕᩰᨴᩬᨶ​ᨾᩦ​ᨷᩕᨧᩩ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨷ᩠ᩅᨠ᪩ ᩈ᩠᩵ᩅᩁ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᨶᩢ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨷ᩠ᨾᩦ​ᨷᩕᨧᩩ ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨠᩖᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨴᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨼᩱᨼ᩶ᩣ᪩ ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᩈ᩠᩵ᩅᩁ​ᩉᩖᩣ᩠ᨿ​ᨧᩢ​ᨾᩦ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᨶ​​ ᩅᩮ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨲᩯ᩵​ᩌᩱᨯᩕᩰᨧᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨶᩱ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨤᩖ᩠ᨿᩈ​ᨾᩦ​ᨣ᩵ᩣ​ᨻᩕᩰᨴᩬᨶ​ᨴᩮᩢ᩵ᩣᨶ᩠ᨶᩢ᩶᪩​ ᨧᩴᩣᨶ᩠ᩅᩁ​ᨷᩕᩰᨴᩬᨶ​ᨧᩢ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᩑᨠᩃᩢᨠ᩠ᨡᨱ᩼​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ ᩁ᩶ᩬᨦ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ ᩃᩮ᩠ᨡ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ᪩ ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨾᩦ​ᩃᩮ᩠ᨡ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨴᩮᩢ᩵ᩣ​ᨠᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᨧᩢ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩ​ᩀ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨦ​ᨯ᩠ᨿᩅ​ᨠᩢ᩠ᨶ᪩ ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨡᩬᨦ​ᨵᩣ᩠ᨲᩩ​ᨯ᩠ᨿᩅ​ᨠᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᨲᩯ᩵​ᨾᩦ​ᨧᩴᩣᨶ᩠ᩅᩁ​ᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᨶ​ᨷᩴ​ᨴᩮᩢ᩵ᩣ​ᨠᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᩁ᩶ᩬᨦ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᨾᩢ᩠ᨶ​ᨸᩮ᩠ᨶ​ ᩋᩱᨪᩰᨳᩰ᩠ᨷ ᨠᩢ᩠ᨶ᪫[1]

ᨣᩤᩴᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨶᩦ᩶ᨾᩦ​ᨣᩮᩢ᩶ᩣ​ᩃᩩᨠ​ᨽᩣᩈᩣ​ᨠᩕᩦ᩠ᨠᨣᩤᩴᩅ᩵ᩤ ἄτομος/átomos, α-τεμνω ᨸᩖᩯ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​​ ᨠᩫ᩠ᨠ​ᨷᩯ᩠᩵ᨦ​ᨷᩴ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨳᩯ᩠ᨾ​ᩓ᩠ᩅ᪩​ ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨴᩯ᩶​ᩉᩖᩢᨠ​ᨠᩣ᩠ᩁ​ᩁᩮᩬᩥ᩵ᨦ​ᨷᩯ᩠᩵ᨦ​ᨿᩯ᩠ᨠ​ᩈᩣ᩠ᩁ​ᩃᩫ᩠ᨦ​ᨻᩱ​ᨶᩦ᩶​ᨾᩦ​ᨶᩢ᩠ᨠ​ᨷᩕᩢᨩ᩠ᨬᩣ​ᨩᩣ᩠ᩅ​ᨻ᩠ᨦᨶᩮ᩠ᨯ᩠ᨿ​ᩓ​ᨩᩣ᩠ᩅ​ᨠᩕᩦ᩠ᨠ​ᨷᩫ᩠ᩅᩁᩣ᩠ᨱ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨣᩧ᩠ᨯ​ᩅᩱ᩶​ᨠ᩵ᩬᩁ​ᩉ᩠ᨶ᩶ᩣ​ᩉᩢ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨳᩯ᩠ᨾ᪩​ ᨣᩤᩴᨣᩧ᩠ᨯ​ᨶᩦ᩶​ᩀᩪ᩵​ᨤᩫ᩠ᨶ​ᩉᩖ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨿ​ᨠᩢ᩠ᨷ​ᨶᩢ᩠ᨠ​ᨷᩕᩢᨩ᩠ᨬᩣ​ᨳᩯ᩠ᨾ​ᩉ᩠ᨾᩪ᩵​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᨩᩮᩬᩥ᩵ᩋ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᩈᩈᩣ᩠ᩁ​ᨶᩢ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨷᩯ᩠᩵ᨦ​ᨿᩯ᩠ᨠ​ᩃᩫ᩠ᨦ​ᨻᩱ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨲᩥ᩠ᨠᪧ ᨷᩴᨾᩦ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᩈᩩᨯ​ᨴᩦ᩵​ᩈ᩠᩶ᨿᨦ᪩ ᨶᩱ​ᨣᩕᩥᩈ᩠᩼ᨲᩈᨲᩅᩢᩔ᩼​ᨴᩦ᩵ ᪁᪇ ᨶᩢ᩠ᨠ​ᨥᩮᨾᩦ​ᨣᩴ​ᨲᩢ᩠᩶ᨦ​ᨣᩮᩢ᩶ᩣ​ᩁᩬᨾ​ᨣᩤᩴᨣᩧ᩠ᨯ​ᩉ᩠ᨾᩪ᩵​ᨶᩦ᩶​ᩉᩮ᩠ᨿ​ᩉᩲ᩠ᨾ᩵ ᨴᩮᩢ᩶ᩣ​ᩈᨲᩅᩢᩔ᩼ᨴᩦ᩵ ᪂᪀ ​ ᨳᩮᩥ᩠ᨦ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨾᩦ​ᨶᩢ᩠ᨠ​ᨼᩥᩈᩥᨠ᩠ᩈ᩼​ᨵᩫ᩠ᨯᩃᩬᨦ​ᨧᩫ᩠ᨶ​ᨯᩱ᩶​ᨡᩴ᩶ᩬ​ᩈᩕᩩᨷ​ᩅ᩵ᩤ​ᩋᨴᩬᨾ​ᨷᩕᨠᩬᨷ​ᨡᩧ᩠᩶ᨶ​ᨧᩣ᩠ᨠ​ᩋᨶᩩᨽᩣ᩠ᨣ​ᩉ᩠ᨶᩬ᩠᩶ᨿ ᨩᩨ᩵​ᩅ᩵ᩤ ᩋᩥᩃᩮ᩠ᨠᩢᨴᩕᩬᨶ ᨻᩕᩰᨴᩬᨶ ᩓᨶᩥ᩠ᩅᨴᩕᩬᨶᨳᩯ᩠ᨾ᪫[2][3]

ᩋ᩶ᩣ᩠ᨦᩋᩥ᩠ᨦEdit

  1. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Commission on the Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry - Recommendations 1990, Blackwell Scientific Publications, isbn: 0-08-022369-9, page, 35, Oxford.
  2. Microcosmos: From Leucippus to Yukawa
  3. Harrison (2003:123–139).