Wp/syl/ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

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w:WP:STUB ꠁ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠛꠧ ꠇꠥꠠꠤ ꠞꠂꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠈꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠃꠑꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠟꠣꠉꠤ ꠀꠞꠝ꠆ꠛ ꠇꠞꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠁꠟꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠅ ꠘꠄꠀ ꠇꠥꠠꠤꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠙꠣꠔꠣꠁꠘ ꠖꠦꠈꠂꠘ ⁕ ꠁ ꠛꠦꠙꠣꠞꠦ ꠀꠙꠘꠣꠁꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠇꠥꠘꠔꠣ ꠙꠥꠞꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠕꠣꠇ꠆ꠟꠦ ꠟꠇ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠟꠦꠈꠤꠀ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠧ ꠛꠟꠣꠁꠔꠣ ꠙꠣꠞꠂꠘ ⁕

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠘꠣꠄ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞꠤ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ
language family
Subclass ofIndo-Iranian, South Asian languages ꠟꠦꠈ
Stack Exchange taghttps://linguistics.stackexchange.com/tags/indo-aryan ꠟꠦꠈ

ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ edit

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔꠇꠕꠣꠞ ꠔꠚꠣꠔ edit

ꠢꠇꠟ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ-ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠅꠞ ꠟꠞꠣꠢꠥꠘꠣꠞꠇꠟ ꠄꠇ꠆ꠟꠉꠦ ꠝꠤꠟꠣꠁꠀ ꠖꠦꠈꠣ

ꠜꠣꠅꠄꠟꠣꠁꠘ edit

ꠝꠥꠀꠔꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
ld /iː i eː e ɨː ɨ əː ə aː a ɔː ɔ oː o uː u/ ꠇꠣꠡ꠆ꠝꠤꠞꠤ
lb /ɪ iː ʊ uː e eː ə~ɐ əː o oː æ~ɛ a aː ɔ/ ꠝꠘꠤꠙꠥꠞꠤ
l৩ /iː i eː e æː æ aː a ə oː o uː u/ ꠡꠤꠋꠅꠟ
l0 /i ɪ e ɛ · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠘ꠆ꠎꠣꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠤꠘ꠆ꠗꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠣꠌ꠆ꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠇꠣ ꠨ ꠞꠣꠎꠤꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ
9 /i ɪ e æ~ɛ · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠒꠥꠉ꠆ꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠞꠥꠗꠣꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠝꠣꠘ꠆ꠖꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠋꠅꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠈꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠥꠞꠣꠁ) ꠨ ꠡꠣꠞꠣꠁꠇꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠡꠖꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠥꠞꠈꠥꠟꠤ)
/i ɪ e ɛ · a · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠎꠘꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠢꠥꠟꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠥꠟ꠆ꠟꠥꠁ)
8 /i e ɛ · a ə · ɔo u/ ꠉꠥꠎ꠆ꠞꠣꠐꠤ
/i e ɛ a · ɒ ɔ o u/ ꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠢꠣꠟ꠆ꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠜꠣꠐ꠆ꠐꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠉꠠꠀꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠣꠝꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠉꠣꠖ꠆ꠖꠤ)
V /i e æ · a · ɔo u/ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ
d /i e a · ɔo u/ ꠅꠠꠤꠀ ꠨ ꠛꠤꠡ꠆ꠘꠥꠙꠥꠞꠤ
/i e · a ə · o u/ ꠝꠣꠞꠣꠑꠤ ꠨ ꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠟꠣꠝ꠆ꠛꠣꠖꠤ ꠨ ꠍꠣꠗ꠆ꠞꠤ
/i e · a · o u/ ꠞꠥꠝꠣꠘꠤ (ꠁꠃꠞꠥꠙꠤ)
/i e · a · ɔ u/ ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

ꠘꠣꠇꠥꠀ edit

Nasals Languages
/m/ /n/ /ɳ/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/
          Dogri, Kacchi, Kalasha, Rudhari, Shina, Saurashtri, Sindhi, Saraiki
          Sinhala
          Nepali,[1] Kalami, Odia, Dhundhari, Pashayi, Marwari
          Dhivehi[2]
          Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Marathi, Punjabi, Rajasthani (Marwari)
          ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
          Urdu, Romani, Domari

ꠇꠘꠌꠘꠦꠘ꠆ꠐꠣꠁꠘ edit

Stops Languages
/p/ // /ʈ/ ~ /t/ /ʈ͡ʂ/ /t͡ʃ/ ~ /t͡ɕ/ /t͡s/ /k/ /q/
                Khowar, Shina, Bashkarik, Kalasha
                Gawarbati, Phalura, Shumashti, Kanyawali, Pashai
                Marathi, Konkani, certain W. Pahari dialects (Bhadrawahi, Bhalesi, Mandeali, Padari, Simla, Satlej, maybe Kulu), Kashmiri, E. and N. dialects of Bengali (parts of Dhaka, Mymensingh, Rajshahi)
                Hindustani, Punjabi, Dogri, Sindhi, Gujarati, Sinhala, Odia, Standard Bengali, dialects of Rajasthani (except Lamani, NW. Marwari, S. Mewari), Sanskrit,[3] Prakrit, Pali, Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri
                Romani, Domari, Kholosi
                Nepali, dialects of Rajasthani (Lamani and NW. Marwari), Northern Lahnda's Kagani, Kumauni, many West Pahari dialects (not Chamba Mandeali, Jaunsari, or Sirmauri)
                Rajasthani's S. Mewari
                Assamese
                Chittagonian
                ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

 

  1. Only some speakers have a /ɳ/
  2. Unclear status of /ɲ/
  3. In Sanskrit, probably /cɕ/ is a more correct representation. Sometimes, only for representation, /c/ is also used.