Wp/mnc/ᠠᠯᡨᠠᡳ ᡤᡝᡵᡝᠨ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ

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ᠵᡠᠰᡨᠠᠨ ᡳ
ᡤᡝᠪᡠ
ᡴᡝᠮᡠᠨᡳ
ᡨᠣᡴᡨᠣᠪᡠᡵᡝ
ᡠᠨᡩᡝ᠉

ere justan -i gebu kemuni toktobure unde.
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altai geren gisun (inggiri gisun: Altaic languages; turkiye gisun: Altay dilleri; hoise gisun: ئالتاي تىللىرى سىستېمىسى; monggo gisun: Алтай хэлний язгуур; solho gisun: 알타이 제어; žiben gisun: アルタイ諸語) serengge, 比较语言学 de adalingga be jorime tucibuhe 欧亚 jubki de bisire geren gisun. altai geren gisun 满-通古斯语族, 突厥语族, monggo sere ilan gisun -i mukūn be baktarangge, žiben, solho juwe gisun -i mukūn be sasa bodoci, uheri sunja gisun -i mukūn be baktarambi.[1]


altai geren gisun harangga geren gisun -i mukūn
突厥
monggo
满-通古斯
solho
žiben
(kuye fiyaka)

语言学 -i leolen de ese gisun -i mukūn -i harangga geren gisun emu mafari gisun ci jifi, altai gisun -i fisen obumbi seme gūningga tucibure jakade, 1960 -ci erin forgon isitala eiten niyalma ere leolen be akdaha.[2]tuttu bime, ne (21 -ci jalarin) 语言学 de, ere leolen arsari alime gaibuhakū. [3][4][5][6]

ini gebu 中亚 de bisire 阿尔泰山脉 (monggo gisun: Алтайн нуруу; 南阿尔泰语: Алтай туулар; hasak gisun: Алтай таулары) ci jihengge.

ne altai gisun de harangga gisun sede dalji sarkv jakade "altai geren gisun" seme "altai gisun i fisen" sere gibsun majige baitalambi.

acame šanggara gisun jai adalingge temgetuEdit

altai geren gisun -i harangga be biretei alime gaiburengge ereci fusihūn ilan gisun -i mukūn bi. meimeni gisun -i mukūn -i dolo hartungga holbobun emgeri getukeleme tucibuhecibe, ere ilan gisun -i mukūn -i hartungga holbobun kemuni toktobure unde.

esede udu oyonggo adalingge temgetu bi.

  • gemu 元音和谐律.
  • gemu 黏着语.
  • gemu SOV语序.
  • gemu (latino hergen -i ubaliyambuci) "r" ujulahangga be eimere jakade, daci baitalara hergen de "r" ujulaha hergen komso.

ere duin temgetu be tuwaci, ne žiben gisun jai te solho gisun damu 元音和谐-rakū. tuttu bicibe, 中古朝鲜语 de gulhun mudan be getukeleme acabume hūwaliyambuha, jai ememu tacire niyalma 古日语 de gulhun mudan be acabume hūwaliyambuha songko be sabumbi seme bodombi.

"altai gisun -i fisen"Edit

altai geren gisun be adalingga 祖语 ci jihe "altai gisun -i fisen" seme tuwara leolen julge ci selgiyehe, tuttu bicibe 元音和谐-re 满-通古斯语族, monggo, 突厥语族 sere ilan gisun -i mukūn de, ton be jorime baitalara fulehe hergen gemu encu sere jakade, 比较语言学 "altai gisun -i fisen" be dahūme ilibufi, inde bisirengge be getukeleme tuciburengge absi mangga.



  1. (Georg et al. 1999:73-74).[1]
  2. (Georg et al. 1999:73-74)
  3. "While 'Altaic' is repeated in encyclopedias and handbooks most specialists in these languages no longer believe that the three traditional supposed Altaic groups, Turkic, Mongolian and Tungusic, are related." Lyle Campbell & Mauricio J. Mixco, A Glossary of Historical Linguistics (2007, University of Utah Press), pg. 7.
  4. "When cognates proved not to be valid, Altaic was abandoned, and the received view now is that Turkic, Mongolian, and Tungusic are unrelated." Johanna Nichols, Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time (1992, Chicago), pg. 4.
  5. "Careful examination indicates that the established families, Turkic, Mongolian, and Tungusic, form a linguistic area (called Altaic)...Sufficient criteria have not been given that would justify talking of a genetic relationship here." R.M.W. Dixon, The Rise and Fall of Languages (1997, Cambridge), pg. 32.
  6. "...[T]his selection of features does not provide good evidence for common descent" and "we can observe convergence rather than divergence between Turkic and Mongolic languages--a pattern than is easily explainable by borrowing and diffusion rather than common descent", Asya Pereltsvaig, Languages of the World, An Introduction (2012, Cambridge) has a good discussion of the Altaic hypothesis (pp. 211-216).