Wq/ha/Harry S. Truman

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Harry S. Truman Shugaban kasar Amurka daga 1945 zuwa 1953.

Harry S. Truman (Mayu 8, 1884 - Disamba 26, 1972) shine shugaban Amurka na 33 (1945-53), ɗan siyasan Amurka na Jam'iyyar Demokraɗiyya. Ya yi aiki a matsayin dan majalisar dattijai na Amurka daga Missouri (1935–45) kuma a takaice a matsayin mataimakin shugaban kasa (1945) kafin ya yi nasarar zama shugaban kasa a ranar 12 ga Afrilu, 1945 bayan mutuwar Franklin D. Roosevelt. Ya kasance shugaban kasa a watannin karshe na yakin duniya na biyu, inda ya yanke shawarar jefa bam din atomic a Hiroshima da Nagasaki. An zabi Truman da kansa a cikin 1948. Ya jagoranci wani yanayi na cikin gida da ba a sani ba yayin da Amurka ta nemi hanyarta bayan yakin, kuma tashin hankali da Tarayyar Soviet ya karu, wanda ke nuna farkon yakin cacar baka. Ban taba ba kowa jahannama ba. Ni dai na fadi gaskiya kuma suna tunanin jahannama ce.

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Yanzu fadace-fadace kamar "Ka harba garina sai na harba naka." Sun ce Amurkawa ba sa yin adalci. Suna harbe su koyaushe. Ina fatan haka domin ina so in gama wannan aikin da wuri-wuri kuma in sake fara rayuwa mai gaskiya ... Sun yi harbin 500 ga Jamusawa, bisa ga umarnina, an harbe su, ban gudu ba na gode wa Ubangiji kuma ba su taɓa yin rashin nasara ba. wani mutum. Watakila bai kamata in gaya muku ba amma ba za ku ƙara damuwa ba idan kun san ina ciki fiye da idan kuna tunanin ni. Na sami aikin da ya fi wahala a rayuwata, na gaji sosai amma in ba haka ba kwata-kwata a cikin yanayi mai kyau a hankali da ɗabi'a ... Lokacin da harsashi mai ƙarfi ya fashe cikin ƙafa goma sha biyar kuma bai yi muku lahani ba, zaku iya cin amanar rayuwar ku mai daɗi kuna ɗaukar nauyi. rayuwa mai laya kuma babu kuskure. Ban sami isashen sanin abin da ke faruwa ba sai washegari sannan na tsorata sosai. Maza suna ganin ba ni da tsoron harsashi amma ba su sani ba. Na ji tsoron gudu kuma hakan yana da matukar tsoro. Wasika zuwa Bess Wallace (8 Satumba 1918) Ba mu son Gestapo ko 'yan sandan sirri. F.B.I. yana kula da wannan hanya. Suna shiga cikin badakalar rayuwar jima'i [sic] da baƙar fata a lokacin da ya kamata su kama masu laifi. Haka kuma suna da dabi'a ta yi wa jami'an tsaro na yankin ba'a. Bayanan Longhand na Shugaba Harry S. Truman, Mayu 12, 1945. Idan muka ga cewa Jamus ta yi nasara, ya kamata mu taimaki Rasha kuma idan Rasha ta ci nasara ya kamata mu taimaki Jamus, kuma ta haka ne a bar su su kashe yawancin masu yiwuwa, ko da yake ba na so in ga Hitler ya yi nasara a kowane hali. Kowannensu ba ya tunanin kome game da alkawarin da ya yi. Kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin The New York Times (24 Yuni 1941); Hakanan a cikin mujallar Time (2 Yuli 1951)) An yi wa mutane aiki sosai game da bugaboo na kwaminisanci... ƙasar tana da cikakkiyar lafiya kamar yadda ya shafi kwaminisanci—muna da mutane masu hankali da yawa. Wasika zuwa ga George H. Earle, tsohon gwamnan Pennsylvania (wanda aka karɓa 28 ga Fabrairu 1947); an ruwaito a cikin The New York Times (3 Afrilu 1947), shafi na 17, ambaton Earle.[1] Ban damu da Jam’iyyar Kwaminisanci ta karbe Gwamnatin Amurka ba, amma ina adawa da mutum, wanda biyayyarsa ba ga Gwamnatin Amurka ba ce, yana rike da aikin Gwamnati. Dukkansu abubuwa ne daban-daban. Ban damu da cewa kasar nan za ta taba zama gurguzu ba. Muna da hankali da yawa game da hakan. Da yake amsa tambaya a taron manema labarai da ya yi (28 ga Fabrairu, 1947); an ruwaito a cikin Takardun Jama'a na Shugabannin Amurka: Harry S. Truman, 1947, shafi. 191 Ina da yakinin cewa mun kai wani matsayi a kokarin kasarmu na tabbatar da 'yanci da daidaito ga daukacin 'yan kasar. Abubuwan da suka faru na baya-bayan nan a Amurka da ƙasashen waje sun sa mu gane cewa yana da mahimmanci a yau fiye da kowane lokaci don tabbatar da cewa duk Amurkawa suna cin moriyar waɗannan haƙƙoƙin. Idan na ce duk Amurkawa, ina nufin duka Amurkawa. Jawabi ga NAACP (29 Yuni 1947). Wasu manyan abokaina ba su yarda da ni a siyasance ba. Sanarwa ga ƙungiyar sabbin ƴan majalisa huɗu (2 Yuli 1947), kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin Memoirs na Richard Nixon, p. 44 Rashawa kamar mu suke, suna kama da mu. Mutane ne masu kyau. Sun yi daidai da sojojinmu a Berlin sosai. Dangane da ni, za su iya samun duk abin da suke so don kada su yi kokarin dora tsarinsu a kan wasu. Sanarwa ga ƙungiyar sabbin ƴan majalisa huɗu (2 Yuli 1947), kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin Memoirs na Richard Nixon, p. 44 Rashawa maƙaryata ne - ba za ku iya amincewa da su ba. A Potsdam sun amince da komai kuma suka karya maganarsu. Yana da muni sosai a mulkin duniya na biyu yana irin wannan, amma haka abin yake, kuma dole ne mu ci gaba da ƙarfafa mu. Sanarwa ga Richard Nixon da matarsa ​​Pat a cikin 1969, kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin Memoirs na Richard Nixon, p. 44 Ka ce masa ya shiga wuta; Ina don Jimmy Byrnes. Da jin cewa Franklin D. Roosevelt ya so ya zama mataimakinsa na mataimakin shugaban kasa (21 Yuli 1944), kamar yadda aka nakalto a Choosing Truman : The Democratic Convention of 1944 (1994); Har ila yau, an nakalto a cikin "Harry S. Truman: Shugaba na karshe na Amurka?" a cikin mujallar USA Today (Janairu 1995) ta Society for the Advancement of Education Samari, idan kun taɓa yin addu'a, ku yi mini addu'a yanzu. Ban sani ba ko ku 'yan uwa kun taɓa samun wani nau'in ciyawa ya faɗo muku, amma da suka gaya mani jiya abin da ya faru, sai na ji kamar wata, taurari da duk taurari sun faɗo a kaina. Ina da aikin da ya fi muni da alhakin da mutum ya taɓa samu. Yi sharhi ga manema labarai game da zama shugaban ƙasa kwana ɗaya da ta gabata, bayan mutuwar Franklin D. Roosevelt, (13 Afrilu 1945) kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin Rikici da Rikici : Shugabancin Harry S. Truman, 1945-1948 na Robert J. Donovan, p. . 17; Hakanan an nakalto a cikin "Thoughts Of A President, 1945" a Eyewitness to History, and Time magazine (12 Afrilu 1968) Babu wata al'umma a wannan duniyar da ta fi Amurka tunani a duniya saboda dukkan al'ummomi ne suka gina ta. Harry Truman a Chicago, 17 Maris 1945, kamar yadda aka rubuta a Good Old Harry Malam Luce, kun yi tambaya mai kyau kuma zan ba ku amsa mai kyau. Na yi shekara talatin da biyar a siyasa, duk abin da za a ce game da dan Adam an yi shi a kaina. Amma matata ba ta taba shiga siyasa ba. Ta kasance tana gudanar da kanta cikin yanayi mai kyau kuma babu wanda ke da hakkin yin kalaman batanci a nan. Yanzu matarka ta faɗi abubuwa marasa kyau da rashin gaskiya game da Misis Truman. Kuma muddin ina zaune a nan, ba za ta kasance baƙo

Wasika zuwa ga Henry Luce (1945); kamar yadda aka nakalto a Good Old Harry Ina fatan kowane dan majalisa ya ziyarci sansanin mutanen da suka rasa matsugunai a Jamus da Ostiriya don ganin abin da ke faruwa ga mutane 500,000 ba tare da wani laifin nasu ba. Wasika zuwa ga Walter F. George (Oktoba 1946); kamar yadda aka nakalto a cikin Babban Maganar Yahudawa (1996) na Alfred J. Kolatch, shafi. 463 Babu gwamnati da ta dace. Daya daga cikin manyan kyawawan dabi'un dimokuradiyya, shi ne cewa a kullum kura-kuranta a bayyane suke kuma a karkashin tsarin dimokuradiyya ana iya nuni da gyara su.