Wp/syl/ꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙ ꠖꠤꠙ

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ꠁꠈꠣꠘꠧ (ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠛꠖꠟ) ꠇꠞꠤ ꠀꠘꠣ ꠅꠁꠔ ꠙꠣꠞꠦ ꠄꠞ꠆ꠖꠣꠄ ꠁ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠀꠞꠅ ꠅꠘꠥꠛꠣꠖ ꠇꠞꠤ ꠖꠤꠔꠣ ꠙꠣꠞꠂꠘ

Template:Wp/syl/Other places Template:Wp/syl/Use Australian English Template:Wp/syl/Use dmy dates Template:Wp/syl/Infobox islands

ꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙ ꠖꠤꠙ
island
Nameꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙ ꠖꠤꠙ ꠟꠦꠈ
Official namePhillip Island ꠟꠦꠈ
Native labelPhillip Island ꠟꠦꠈ
Named afterArthur Phillip ꠟꠦꠈ
CountryAustralia ꠟꠦꠈ
CapitalCowes ꠟꠦꠈ
Located in the administrative territorial entityBass Coast Shire ꠟꠦꠈ
Located in time zoneUTC+10:00, UTC+11:00, Australia/Melbourne ꠟꠦꠈ
Located in or next to body of waterWestern Port, Bass Strait ꠟꠦꠈ
Located in/on physical featureGippsland ꠟꠦꠈ
Coordinate location38°29′27″S 145°14′27″E ꠟꠦꠈ
Map

ꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙ ꠖꠤꠙ (Boonwurrung: CorriongWorne or Millowl)[1][2] ꠅꠁꠟꠅ ꠄꠉꠥ Australian island about Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. south-southeast of MelbourneVictoria ⁕ The island is named after Governor Arthur Phillip ꠨ the first Governor of New South Wales ꠨ by explorer ꠀꠞ seaman George Bass ꠨ who sailed in a whaleboat ꠨ arriving from Sydney on 5 January 1798.

Phillip Island forms a natural breakwater for the shallow waters of the Western Port ⁕ It is Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. long ꠀꠞ Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. wide ꠨ with an area of about Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found..[3] It has Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. of coastline ꠀꠞ is part of the Bass Coast Shire.

A Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. concrete bridge (originally a wooden bridge) connects the mainland town San Remo with the island town Newhaven.[3] In the 2016 census ꠨ the island's permanent population was 10,387,[4] compared to 7,071 in 2001.[5] During the summer ꠨ the population swells to 40,000 ⁕ 60% of the island is farmland devoted to grazing of sheep ꠀꠞ cattle.

ꠁꠔꠤꠀꠡ

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The earliest inhabitants of the area were the Yalloc Bulluk clan of the Bunurong peopleIndigenous Australians of the Kulin nation.[6] In the Bunwurrung language the island is known as corriong or millowl.[1] Their coastal territory with its sheltered bays meant that the Yalloc Bulluk ꠨ along with other Bunurong clans ꠨ were among the first Aboriginal people in Victoria to have contact with European mariners.[6][7]

Following reports of the 1798 exploration by George Bass ꠀꠞ Matthew Flinders ꠨ the area was frequented by sealers from Van Diemen's Land ꠨ whose interaction with the Bunurong people was not without conflict.[7] In 1801 ꠨ navigator James Grant visited the adjoining Churchill Island (which he named) ꠀꠞ planted a crop of corn ꠀꠞ wheat.[8][9] In 1826 ꠨ the scientific voyage of Dumont d'Urville ꠨ in command of the corvette Astrolabe ꠨ led to British concerns of an attempt by the French to establish a colony in Western Port.[10] This saw the dispatch from Sydney of Template:Wp/syl/HMS ꠨ under the command of Captain Wetherall ꠨ ꠀꠞ the brigs Dragon ꠀꠞ Amity ꠨ by Governor Darling.[11]

 
'The Nobbies': site of Captain Wetherall's 1826 flagstaff
 
The beach at Cape Woolamai
 
Phillip Island

While the French colonisation did not eventuate ꠨ Wetherall reported on finding a sealer's camp ꠀꠞ also two acres of wheat ꠀꠞ corn.[12] A fort was constructed near Rhyll ꠨ ꠀꠞ named Dumaresq after the Governor's private secretary ⁕ The 'abundance' of wood ꠨ quality soil ꠀꠞ the discovery of coal at Cape Woolamai ꠨ were mentioned in newspaper accounts.[12][13][14] Wetherall also erected a flag staff on 'the flat-top'd rock off Point Grant' (commonly known today as The Nobbies) on the Island's Western extremity as a marker for the harbour entrance.[13]

Of his encounters with the Bunurong people ꠨ Wetherall told Darling:

"The Natives appear numerous ꠨ but we have not been able to obtain an interview ꠨ as they desert their camp ꠨ ꠀꠞ run into the woods on our approach ꠨ watching our movements until we depart ⁕ As I am aware it is Your Excellency's wish to conciliate them as much as possible ꠨ I have not allowed them to be pursued ꠨ or molested in any way."

The only reservation Wetherall had was on the Island's supply of water; he dug a 'tide-well' near the fort but assessed the source as 'not in sufficient quantities for the supply of shipping' ꠀꠞ this problem would lead to the eventual move to Settlement Point on the mainland coast.[12][13]

During the third voyage of Template:Wp/syl/HMS ꠨ in 1839 ꠨ water was 'found by digging in the centre of a clump of bushes on the outer part of the point at the N.E ⁕ extremity of the island ꠨ which at high water became an island ꠨ [and] occasionally made the water brackish' although it was noted 'better might have been found a short distance in shore ꠨ as there were abundance of shrubs ꠀꠞ other indications of water in the neighbourhood'.[15] The water question was again addressed ꠨ by Captain Moore ꠨ who accompanied Surveyor Robert Hoddle in 1840 ꠨ that 'water can be obtained on Phillip Island ꠨ near the best anchorage ꠨ off Sandy Point.'[16]

In 1835 Samuel Anderson established the third permanent settlement in what would be Victoria at the mainland site of Bass across the bay from Phillip Island.

In 1841 ꠨ brothers John David ꠀꠞ William McHaffie ꠨ were granted Phillip Island as a squatting run ꠀꠞ took possession in 1842.[17] The McHaffies ꠨ ꠀꠞ later settlers ꠨ assisted the Victorian Acclimatisation society (forerunner of the committee which established the Melbourne Zoo) by introducing animals such as pheasants ꠨ deer ꠀꠞ wallabies to Phillip Island.[18]

Plans for the first bridge to the Island ꠨ from San Remo to Newhaven commenced in 1938,[19] at a cost of £50,000 ꠨ with the official opening by Premier Albert Dunstan taking place in November 1940.[20] A full public holiday was declared on the Island to celebrate.[20]

ꠙꠞꠤꠛꠦꠡ

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ꠎꠋꠟꠤ ꠎꠣꠘꠥꠀꠞ

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The coast of Phillip Island

The southern ꠀꠞ western coasts of the island lie within the Phillip Island Important Bird Area ꠨ so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance in supporting significant populations of little penguinsshort-tailed shearwaters ꠀꠞ Pacific gulls.[21] In addition ꠨ there is a wildlife park where wallabies ꠀꠞ kangaroos roam freely amongst the visitors ꠀꠞ can be fed by hand ⁕ Seal Rocks ꠨ at the western end of the island ꠨ hosts the largest colony of fur seals in Australia (up to 16,000).[22] In recent years ꠨ other than local population of critically endangered endemic Burrunan dolphins or migratory killer whalessouthern right whales ꠀꠞ humpback whales are starting to show recoveries in the area[23] long after commercial ꠀꠞ illegal hunts by the Soviet Union with the help of Japan in 1970s ꠨ ꠀꠞ the numbers using the area as nursery are growing rapidly ꠨ allowing a rise in hopes to establish commercial whale watching activities in the vicinity of the island.[24]

ꠀꠛꠢꠣꠅꠀ

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In terms of climate classification Phillip Island features an oceanic climate with cool-summer-mediterranean climate characteristics such as a relatively dry summer ⁕ Under the Trewartha system ꠨ Phillip Island has a humid subtropical climate ꠨ given that all months are milder than Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. with eight being required ⁕ Phillip Island experiences milder weather than Melbourne ꠀꠞ is tempered by ocean breezes ⁕ In terms of temperature averages it has more in common with the climate of northern areas of New Zealand than with most of Australia ⁕ The mean daily maximum temperature for February is Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. ꠨ while for July it is Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. ⁕ The mean annual rainfall is Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:wp/syl/Convert/text' not found. ꠨ with June being the wettest month (88.1 mm/3.5 in) ⁕ The prevailing wind for most of the year is a south-westerly which blows in off Bass Strait.

Phillip Island's Grand Prix motorcycle race is traditionally held in October ꠨ often seeing unreliable ꠀꠞ fickle weather conditions ꠨ such as very cold surface temperatures ꠀꠞ extreme wind.[25]

On 10 August 2005 ꠨ snow was observed on the island.[26] This was a very unusual event.

Template:Wp/syl/Weather box

ꠙꠣꠇꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠎꠦꠉꠣ

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Phillip Island is a tourist destination visited by 3.5 million people annually.[3] The Penguin Parade at Phillip Island Nature Park ꠨ in which little penguins come ashore in groups ꠨ attracts visitors from all over the world ⁕ They come to see one of the few areas where this species of penguin can be seen ⁕ Phillip Island is home to approximately 32,000 penguins ꠨ which can be seen by tourists at sunset every day of the year.[27]

The island is recognised as having some of the most consistently reliable ꠀꠞ varied surf conditions in the country ⁕ The island has hosted various surf events in the past ꠨ such as the Rip Curl Pro ꠀꠞ the Roxy Pro Women's Surfing Festival.

Other events include the Churchill Island Working Horse ꠀꠞ Pioneer Festival.

ꠉꠣꠠꠤꠈꠦꠁꠟ

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Overview of the Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit

Phillip Island is steeped in the history of Australian motor racing ⁕ A temporary circuit utilizing the island's interior public roads was used for the inaugural Australian Grand Prix in 1928 ꠀꠞ continued to be used for the race up until 1935 ⁕ Racing on public road circuits continued through to 1940 ⁕ In 1952 the Phillip Island Auto Racing Club was formed ꠀꠞ commenced construction on the permanent Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit which opened in 1956 ⁕ In 1960 ꠨ the inaugural Armstrong 500 was held ꠨ although ꠨ with the bridge to the mainland unable to support heavy hotmix bitumen equipment ꠨ the track broke up during the third running of the race in 1962 ⁕ The damage rendered the circuit unusable for racing ꠀꠞ for 1963 the Armstrong 500 was relocated to the Mount Panorama Circuit ꠀꠞ over time evolved into what is known today as the Bathurst 1000.

The circuit was refurbished ꠀꠞ was reopened in October 1967 ⁕ It was closed in 1978 ꠨ but was redeveloped ꠀꠞ re-opened in 1988 ꠀꠞ the following year hosted the first international version of the Australian motorcycle Grand Prix ⁕ It continues to host the race today ꠀꠞ is also a venue for rounds of the Superbike World Championship ꠨ the Moto GP Championship ꠨ the V8 Supercars Championship ꠀꠞ the Australian Drivers' Championship.

ꠁꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ ꠘꠣꠉ꠆ꠞꠤꠘ

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Towns on the island include: Template:Wp/syl/Columns-list

ꠁꠎꠦꠉꠣꠞ ꠘꠣꠝꠤꠖꠣꠝꠤ ꠝꠣꠘꠥꠡꠣꠁꠘ

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ꠀꠞꠅ ꠖꠦꠈꠂꠘ

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ꠟꠇ

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  5. 2001 Population Statistics Bass Coast Shire Council Website
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  7. 7.0 7.1 Gaughwin ꠨ Denise ꠀꠞ Sullivan ꠨ Hilary ⁕ Aboriginal Boundaries ꠀꠞ Movements in Western Port ꠨ Victoria [online] ⁕ Aboriginal History ꠨ Vol ⁕ 8 ꠨ 1984: 80-98 ⁕ Availability: <http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=055016885148495;res=IELIND> Template:Wp/syl/ISSN ⁕ [cited 19 Sep 13].
  8. History ꠀꠞ Heritage on Phillip Island
  9. Template:Wp/syl/Citation
  10. The Exploration of Westernport ꠨ Western Port Seagrass Partnership 2008 ꠨ https://web.archive.org/web/20110217054852/http://www.seagrass.com.au/downloads/PDFs/Exploration_WP.pdf Template:Wp/syl/Webarchive
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  22. Inter Island Ferries Template:Wp/syl/Webarchive About Phillip Island
  23. Phillip Island Winery ⁕ 2010 ⁕ WHALES BREACHING AROUND PHILLIP ISLAND Template:Wp/syl/Webarchive ⁕ Retrieved on 31 October ⁕ 2014
  24. Wildlife Coast Cruises ⁕ Winter Whale Cruise Template:Wp/syl/Webarchive ⁕ Retrieved on 31 October ⁕ 2014
  25. Lua error in Module:Wp/syl/Citation/CS1 at line 4118: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  26. Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology Snow in Victoria
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ꠛꠣꠞꠣꠔꠣ

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Template:Wp/syl/Commons category Template:Wp/syl/Wikivoyage

Template:Wp/syl/Bass Coast Shire towns Template:Wp/syl/Coastal townships ꠀꠞ localities of Western Port ꠨ Victoria Template:Wp/syl/Islands of Victoria

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==ꠀꠞꠧ ꠖꠦꠈꠂꠘ==

  ꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙ ꠖꠤꠙ


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