Wp/syl/ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ

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ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ /naikɔl/ ꠨ ꠀꠞꠘꠣꠄ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ /naiɾɔl/ ꠩ ꠛꠁꠉ꠆ꠉꠣꠘꠤꠇ ꠘꠣꠝ (Cocos nucifera) ꠪ ꠅꠁꠟꠧ ꠉꠤꠀ ꠚꠣꠝ ꠉꠣꠍ ꠉꠥꠞꠧꠞ (ꠀꠞꠦꠇꠦꠍꠤ) ꠡꠖꠂꠡ꠆ꠡ ꠀꠞ "ꠇꠧꠇꠧꠍ" ꠛꠣꠐꠧꠞ ꠄꠈꠝꠣꠔ꠆ꠞ ꠎꠤꠔ꠆ꠔꠣ ꠃꠖ꠆ꠜꠤꠖ ⁕ "ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ" ꠡꠛ꠆ꠖ ꠖꠤꠀ ꠀꠍꠔꠣ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠨ ꠛꠤꠍꠤ ꠀꠘ꠆ꠘꠣꠄ ꠚꠟꠞꠦ ꠛꠥꠏꠣꠄ ꠨ ꠎꠦꠔꠣ ꠃꠖ꠆ꠜꠤꠖꠉꠔꠜꠣꠛꠦ ꠛꠣꠖꠣꠝ ꠘꠣ ꠅꠁꠟꠦꠅ ꠟꠦꠃꠀ-ꠀꠟꠣ ꠚꠟ ⁕

ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ
taxon
Subclass ofuseful plant ꠟꠦꠈ
Short nameC. nucifera ꠟꠦꠈ
Taxon nameCocos nucifera ꠟꠦꠈ
Taxon rankspecies ꠟꠦꠈ
Parent taxonCocos ꠟꠦꠈ
Has fruit typedrupe ꠟꠦꠈ
Seed dispersalnautochory ꠟꠦꠈ
Start time55 million years BCE ꠟꠦꠈ
Hardiness of plant10 ꠟꠦꠈ
Taxon rangeFujian, Tibet Autonomous Region, Guangdong ꠟꠦꠈ
NZTCS conservation statusvagrant ꠟꠦꠈ
Taxon author citationL. ꠟꠦꠈ
GRIN URLhttps://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11043 ꠟꠦꠈ
Flora of the Hawaiian Islands URLhttps://naturalhistory2.si.edu/botany/hawaiianflora/speciesdescr.cfm?genus=Cocos&species=nucifera ꠟꠦꠈ

ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟꠞ ꠡꠣꠋꠁꠍꠇ꠆ꠞꠤꠔꠤꠇ ꠀꠞ ꠗꠞ꠆ꠝꠤꠅ ꠉꠥꠞꠥꠔ꠆ꠔ ꠞꠁꠍꠦ ꠡꠝꠣꠎꠧ ꠨[1][2] ꠛꠤꠡꠦꠡꠈꠞꠤ ꠄꠘ꠆ꠒꠤꠀꠔ ꠨ ꠎꠦꠘꠧ ꠁꠉꠥ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠞꠤꠔꠤꠔ ꠛꠦꠛꠀꠞ ꠅꠄ ⁕ ꠁꠉꠥ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥꠗꠞ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠛꠤꠀꠡꠣꠖꠤꠔ ꠀꠞ ꠚꠥꠎꠣꠞ ꠅꠘꠥꠡꠐꠣꠘꠧꠞ ꠜꠤꠔ꠆ꠔꠤ ꠉꠠꠤꠀ ꠔꠥꠟꠦ ⁕ ꠜꠤꠄꠔꠘꠣꠝꠞ ꠄꠈ ꠗꠞ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠘꠣꠝꠃ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ ꠗꠞ꠆ꠝ ꠀꠞ ꠘꠣꠘꠣꠘ ꠚꠥꠞꠣꠘꠅ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟꠞ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠚꠣꠅꠀ ꠎꠣꠄ ⁕ ꠏꠥꠘꠣ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠝꠣꠘꠡꠞ ꠝꠃꠔꠅ ꠘꠥ ꠅꠁꠎꠤꠔꠧ ꠚꠣꠞꠦ ⁕[2][3]

ꠀꠎꠣꠞ ꠛꠞꠍ ꠗꠞꠤ ꠝꠣꠘꠡꠦ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠛꠦꠛꠀꠞ ꠈꠞꠤꠀ ꠀꠞ ⁕ ꠁ ꠉꠣꠍꠞ ꠝꠥꠟ ꠃꠔꠚꠔ꠆ꠔꠤ ꠇꠥꠀꠁ ꠔꠣꠇꠤ ꠁꠇꠣꠘ ꠟꠁꠀ ꠛꠤꠔꠞꠇꠤꠔ ꠔꠁꠔ꠆ꠔ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠝꠘꠈꠞꠣ ꠅꠄ ꠎꠦ ꠅꠄꠔ ꠁꠇꠐꠣ ꠄꠡꠤꠀ ꠨ ꠖꠇꠘꠧꠞ ꠀꠝꠦꠞꠤꠇꠣ ꠀꠘ꠆ꠘꠣꠄ ꠚꠡꠣꠘ꠆ꠔ ꠝꠢꠣꠡꠣꠉꠞꠞ ꠝꠦꠅꠀꠍꠞꠧ ꠚꠁꠟ ꠎꠘ꠆ꠝꠤꠍꠤꠟ ⁕ ꠉꠣꠍꠣꠁꠘ ৩0 ꠝꠤꠐꠣꠞ (98 ꠚꠥꠐ) ꠚꠞ꠆ꠎꠘ꠆ꠔ ꠛꠣꠁꠠ ꠖꠦꠄ ꠀꠞ ꠚꠞ꠆ꠔꠦꠈ ꠛꠞꠍ V☽ꠉꠥ ꠚꠞ꠆ꠎꠘ꠆ꠔ ꠚꠟ ꠖꠤꠟꠣꠁꠔꠧ ꠚꠣꠞꠦ ꠨ ꠔꠄ ꠡꠣꠗꠣꠞꠘꠔ ৩0 ꠉꠥꠞ ꠝꠔꠘ ꠚꠟ ꠖꠦꠄ ⁕ ꠁꠔꠣ ꠉꠣꠍꠣꠁꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠐꠣꠘ꠆ꠒꠣ ꠀꠛꠢꠣꠅꠀꠔ ꠔꠣꠇꠤꠀ ꠟꠄ ꠘꠣꠄ ⁕ ꠈꠣꠘ꠆ꠖꠣꠁꠝꠣ ꠝꠦꠊꠛꠣꠖꠟꠤ ꠀꠞ ꠈꠣꠠꠣꠁ ꠞꠁꠖ ꠘꠥ ꠁꠔꠣ ꠉꠣꠍꠣꠁꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠜꠣꠟꠣ ꠟꠣꠉꠦ ⁕ ꠐꠦꠈꠣ ꠈꠣꠝꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠖꠣꠘ꠆ꠖꠣꠄ ꠁꠔꠣ ꠚꠟꠣꠘꠤꠔ ꠛꠃꠔ ꠎꠣꠔꠤ ꠚꠥꠇ ꠚꠞꠤꠘ꠆ꠖꠣ ꠃꠚꠖ꠆ꠞꠥꠛ ꠅꠁꠀ ꠃꠐꠦ ⁕ ꠖꠥꠘꠤꠀꠞ ꠙ꠆ꠞꠣꠄ V☽% ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠘꠦꠡꠤꠀ ꠨ ꠚꠤꠟꠤꠙꠣꠁꠘ ꠀꠞ ꠄꠘ꠆ꠒꠤꠀ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠀꠄ ⁕

ꠛꠄꠀꠘ edit

ꠘꠣꠁꠈꠟꠞ ꠚꠣꠔꠣ edit

ꠇꠧꠇꠧꠍ ꠘꠤꠃꠍꠤꠚꠦꠞꠣ ꠄꠉꠥ ꠉꠣꠘ꠆ꠒꠣꠝꠣꠞꠣ ꠔꠣꠟ ꠨ ꠏꠦꠔꠣ ৩0 ꠚꠞ꠆ꠏꠘ꠆ꠔ (l00 ꠚꠥꠐ) ꠛꠣꠁꠠ ꠖꠦꠄ ꠨ ꠏꠦꠉꠥꠞ ꠒꠣꠉꠟꠣ b–d ꠝꠤꠐꠣꠞ (l৩–Γ0 ꠚꠥꠐ) ꠟꠣꠝ꠆ꠙꠣ ꠨ ꠀꠞ ꠚꠣꠔꠣ-ꠡꠁꠔꠦ-ꠢꠟꠣ d0–90 ꠍꠦ.ꠝꠤ. (Γ–৩ ꠚꠥꠐ) ꠅꠄ; ꠚꠥꠞꠣꠘ ꠒꠣꠉꠟꠣ ꠡꠥꠘ꠆ꠖꠞ ꠝꠔ ꠉꠣꠍ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠀꠉꠟꠤ ꠏꠣꠄ ⁕[4] ꠚꠣꠡꠥꠀ ꠝꠣꠐꠤꠔ ꠨ ꠄꠈꠍꠣ ꠟꠣꠝ꠆ꠙꠣ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ ꠉꠣꠍꠦ ꠚꠞ꠆ꠔꠦꠈ ꠛꠞꠍ V☽ ꠉꠥ ꠚꠞ꠆ꠎꠘ꠆ꠔ ꠚꠟ ꠖꠤꠟꠣꠁꠔꠧ ꠚꠣꠞꠦ ꠨ ꠏꠥꠖꠤꠘꠧ ꠛꠦꠡꠤ ꠜꠣꠉ ꠡꠝꠄ ৩0 ꠉꠥꠞ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠔꠥꠠꠣ ꠚꠟ ꠖꠦꠄ ⁕[5][6][7] ꠏꠥꠁꠔꠦꠏꠣꠟꠣꠄ ꠖꠦꠍꠜꠣꠟ ꠀꠞ ꠛꠣꠠꠔꠤ ꠅꠛꠍꠔꠣꠔ ꠨ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠉꠣꠍꠧ ꠍꠄ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠖꠡ ꠛꠌ꠆ꠌꠞꠞ ꠜꠤꠔꠞꠦ ꠚꠟ ꠀꠁꠔ꠆ꠔ ꠚꠣꠞꠦ ꠨ ꠔꠣꠡꠤꠀ ꠚꠟ ꠗꠞꠔꠦ l☽ ꠔꠘꠦ Γ0 ꠛꠌ꠆ꠌꠞꠞ ꠟꠣꠉꠤ ꠏꠣꠄ ⁕[8]

ꠀꠉꠞꠣꠝꠟ ꠗꠞꠤ ꠅꠍꠐ꠆ꠞꠘꠦꠡꠤꠀꠞ ꠝꠣꠘꠡꠦ ꠛꠣꠐꠐꠤꠏꠣꠔꠞ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠚꠟꠣꠁꠀ ꠅꠁꠞꠧ ⁕ ꠁꠔꠣ ꠏꠣꠔꠞꠦ ꠛꠣꠍꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠤꠟ ꠟꠣꠄꠟꠣꠄ ꠛꠣꠁꠠ ꠖꠦꠅꠀ ꠨ ꠝꠤꠐꠣ ꠒꠣꠛꠞ ꠚꠣꠘꠤ ꠨ ꠀꠞ ꠍꠈꠝꠇꠤ ꠞꠋꠉꠞ ꠖꠣꠄ ⁕[9] ꠀꠗꠥꠘꠤꠇ ꠇꠤꠍꠤꠝꠞ ꠛꠃꠔ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠏꠣꠔꠞ ꠝꠣꠏꠦ ꠀꠍꠦ ꠝꠦꠁꠙꠣꠘ ꠨ ꠇꠤꠋ ꠨ ꠀꠞ ꠝꠦꠇꠣꠙꠥꠘꠧ ꠏꠣꠔ ⁕ ꠁꠔꠣ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟꠣꠁꠘ ꠚꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠡꠣꠖ ꠀꠞ ꠚꠟꠞ ꠞꠋꠉꠞ ꠟꠉꠦ ꠟꠉꠦ ꠅꠁꠘ꠆ꠘ ꠎꠦꠘꠦꠐꠤꠇ ꠛꠤꠡꠄ ꠀꠘꠝꠣꠘ ꠜꠤꠘ꠆ꠘ ꠅꠄ ⁕[10]

ꠁꠔꠤꠀꠡ edit

ꠞꠣꠝꠣꠄꠅꠘ ꠀꠞ ꠍ꠆ꠞꠤꠟꠋꠇꠣꠞ ꠁꠔꠤꠀꠡ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠝꠤꠟꠣ ꠡꠣꠢꠤꠔ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠙ꠆ꠞꠝꠣꠘꠦ ꠅꠈꠣꠘ ꠁꠋꠉꠤꠔ ꠈꠞꠦ ꠎꠦ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟ ꠈ꠆ꠞꠤꠡ꠆ꠐꠞꠣꠉꠧꠞ ꠚꠁꠟ ꠡꠔꠣꠛ꠆ꠖꠤꠞ ꠀꠉꠦ ꠜꠣꠞꠔꠤꠅ ꠃꠙꠝꠢꠣꠖꠦꠡꠧ ꠀꠍꠤꠟ ⁕ ꠚꠁꠟ ꠝꠥꠇꠣꠞ ꠍꠇꠥꠔꠚꠠꠣ ꠛꠄꠀꠘꠈꠣꠘ꠆ꠔꠣꠔ ꠇꠙꠣꠍ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠒꠤꠇꠧꠙꠟꠍꠦꠐ꠆ꠍꠦ ꠔꠣꠘꠞ ꠐꠙꠉ꠆ꠞꠣꠚꠤꠀ ꠇ꠆ꠞꠤꠍ꠆ꠐꠤꠀꠘꠣꠔ ꠟꠦꠇꠤꠀ ꠉꠦꠍꠂꠘ ꠙ꠆ꠞꠣꠄ ☽☽☽ ꠡꠣꠟꠧꠞ ꠛꠣꠄ ꠨ ꠏꠦꠘꠧ ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟꠞꠦ "ꠄꠘ꠆ꠒꠤꠀꠞ ꠁꠀ ꠛꠣꠘꠣ ꠛꠣꠖꠣꠝ" ꠢꠤꠡꠣꠛꠦ ꠈꠀ ꠅꠄ ⁕[11] ꠘꠣꠁꠇꠟꠞ ꠀꠞꠦꠉꠥ ꠚꠄꠟꠣ ꠡꠝꠄꠈꠣꠞ ꠃꠟ꠆ꠟꠦꠇ ꠀꠞꠣꠛꠤꠀꠘ ꠞꠎꠘꠤꠞ ꠘꠣꠝꠈꠞꠣ ꠡꠤꠘꠛꠣꠖꠞ ꠝꠣꠏꠦ ꠝꠤꠟꠦ ꠨ ꠏꠦꠘꠧ ꠔꠣꠁꠘ ꠔꠣꠘꠞ ꠚꠘ꠆ꠍ ꠍꠚꠞꠞ ꠛꠣꠟꠣ ꠄꠉꠥ ꠘꠣꠁꠞꠟ ꠈꠞꠤꠖ ꠈꠞꠤꠀ ꠛꠦꠌ꠆ꠌꠤꠟꠣ ⁕

ꠟꠇ edit

  1. Nayar ꠨ N Madhavan (2017) ⁕ The Coconut: Phylogeny ꠨ Origins ꠨ and Spread ⁕ Academic Press ⁕ ꠚꠤꠡꠐꠣ 10–21 ⁕ Wp/syl/ISBN 978-0-12-809778-6
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lew ꠨ Christopher. "Tracing the origin of the coconut (Cocos nucifera L.)" (PDF). Prized Writing 2018–2019. University of California ꠨ Davis: 143–157. Archived from the original (PDF)
  3. Michaels ꠨ Axel. (2006) [2004] ⁕ Hinduism : past and present ⁕ Orient Longman ⁕ Wp/syl/ISBN 81-250-2776-9⁕ ꠅꠍꠤꠄꠟꠍꠤ 398164072
  4. Pradeepkumar ꠨ T.; Sumajyothibhaskar ꠨ B.; Satheesan ꠨ K.N. (2008). Management of Horticultural Crops. Horticulture Science Series. Vol. 11 ꠨ 2nd of 2 Parts. New India Publishing. pp. 539–587. ISBN 978-81-89422-49-3
  5. Grimwood BE ꠨ Ashman F (1975). Coconut Palm Products: Their Processing in Developing Countries. ꠚꠣꠔꠣ 18. United Nations ꠨ Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 978-92-5-100853-9.
  6. Sarian ꠨ Zac B. (August 18 ꠨ 2010). "New coconut yields high". The Manila Bulletin. ꠝꠥꠟ ꠔꠘꠦ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠇꠣꠁꠜ ꠈꠞꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ November 19 ꠨ 2011. Retrieved April 21 ꠨ 2011.
  7. Ravi ꠨ Rajesh (March 16 ꠨ 2009). "Rise in coconut yield ꠨ farming area put India on top". The Financial Express. Archived from the original on May 15 ꠨ 2013. Retrieved April 21 ꠨ 2011.
  8. "How Long Does It Take for a Coconut Tree to Get Coconuts?". Home Guides – SF Gate. Archived from the original on November 13 ꠨ 2014.
  9. Lebrun ꠨ P.; Grivet ꠨ L.; Baudouin ꠨ L. (2013). "Use of RFLP markers to study the diversity of the coconut palm". In Oropeza ꠨ C.; Verdeil ꠨ J.K.; Ashburner ꠨ G.R.; Cardeña ꠨ R.; Santamaria ꠨ J.M. (eds.). Current Advances in Coconut Biotechnology. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 83–85. ISBN 978-94-015-9283-3.
  10. "Coconut Varieties". floridagardener.com ꠔꠘꠦ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠇꠣꠁꠜ ꠈꠞꠣ ⁕ ꠍꠣꠚꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ October 20 ꠨ 2015 ⁕ ꠢꠣꠝꠣꠘꠤ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ 19 ꠝꠦ 2016 ⁕
  11. The Book of Edible Nuts ⁕ ꠚꠣꠔꠣ 66

ꠕꠥꠇꠣꠘꠤ edit

                   

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