Wp/btm/Kimia

< Wp‎ | btm
Wp > btm > Kimia

Kimia ima cabang nangon Elmu fisik na mamparsiajari tontang susunan, struktur, sifat, dot prubaan materi.[1][2] Elmu kimia tarmasuk topik-topik songan sifat-sifat ni atom, cara atom mambontuk ikatan kimia anso manghasilkan sanyawa kimia, interaksi zat-zat malalui gaya antarmolekul na manghasilkon sifat-sifat umum ngon materi, dot interaksi antar zat malalui reaksi kimia anso mambontuk zat-zat na marbeda.

caeran zat ibagasan botol pareaksi, tarmasuk amonium hidroksida dohot asom nitrat, marlinang ibagasan warna na marbeda.

Golar-golar ni unsur Kimia

edit

Adong pe golar-golar ni unsur on ima muloi tingon

Nama unsur Lambang Nomor atom Massa atom Isotop paling stabil Waktu paruh isotop paling stabil Golongan Periode
Aktinium Ac 89 [227]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 227Ac 21,772 thn   7
Aluminium Al 13 26,9815386(8) 27Al Stabil 13 3
Amerisium Am 95 [243]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 243Am 7370 thn   7
Antimon (Stibium) Sb 51 121,760(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 121, 123Sb Stabil 15 5
Argon Ar 18 39,948(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 36, 38, 40Ar Stabil 18 3
Arsen As 33 74,92160(2) 75As Stabil 15 4
Astatin At 85 [210]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 210At 8,1 jam 17 6
Barium Ba 56 137,327(7) 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138Ba Stabil 2 6
Belerang (Sulfur) S 16 32,065(5)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 32, 33, 34, 36S Stabil 16 3
Berilium Be 4 9,012182(3) 9Be Stabil 2 2
Berkelium Bk 97 [247]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 247Bk 1380 thn   7
Besi (Ferrum) Fe 26 55,845(2) 54, 56, 57, 58Fe Stabil 8 4
Bismut Bi 83 208,98040(1) 209Bi 2,01Template:Wp/btm/E thn 15 6
Bohrium Bh 107 [270]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 270Bh 60 dtk 7 7
Boron B 5 10,811(7)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 10, 11B Stabil 13 2
Bromin Br 35 79,904(1) 79, 81Br Stabil 17 4
Darmstadtium Ds 110 [281]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 281Ds 14 dtk 10 7
Disprosium Dy 66 162,500(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 156, 158, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164Dy Stabil   6
Dubnium Db 105 [268]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 268Db 30 jam 5 7
Einsteinium Es 99 [252]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 252Es 471,7 hri   7
Emas (Aurum) Au 79 196,966569(4) 197Au Stabil 11 6
Erbium Er 68 167,259(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 162, 164, 166, 167, 168, 170Er Stabil   6
Europium Eu 63 151,964(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 153Eu Stabil   6
Fermium Fm 100 [257]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 257Fm 100,5 hri   7
Flerovium Fl 114 [289]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 289Fl 1,9 dtk 14 7
Fluorin F 9 18,9984032(5) 19F Stabil 17 2
Fosforus P 15 30,973762(2) 31P Stabil 15 3
Fransium Fr 87 [223]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 223Fr 22 mnt 1 7
Gadolinium Gd 64 157,25(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160Gd Stabil   6
Galium Ga 31 69,723(1) 69, 71Ga Stabil 13 4
Germanium Ge 32 72,64(1) 70, 72, 73, 74Ge Stabil 14 4
Hafnium Hf 72 178,49(2) 176, 177, 178, 179, 180Hf Stabil 4 6
Hasium Hs 108 [269]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 277mHs 130 dtk 8 7
Helium He 2 4,002602(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 3, 4He Stabil 18 1
Hidrogen H 1 1,00794(7)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 1, 2H Stabil 1 1
Holmium Ho 67 164,930 32(2) 165Ho Stabil   6
Indium In 49 114,818(3) 113In Stabil 13 5
Iodin I 53 126,904 47(3) 127I Stabil 17 5
Iridium Ir 77 192,217(3) 191, 193Ir Stabil 9 6
Iterbium Yb 70 173,04(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 168, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 176Yb Stabil   6
Itrium Y 39 88,90585(2) 89Y Stabil 3 5
Kadmium Cd 48 112,411(8)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 106, 108, 110, 111, 112, 114Cd Stabil 12 5
Kalifornium Cf 98 [251]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 251Cf 898 thn   7
Kalium K 19 39,0983(1) 39, 41K Stabil 1 4
Kalsium Ca 20 40,078(4)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 40, 42, 43, 44, 46Ca Stabil 2 4
Karbon C 6 12,0107(8)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 12, 13C Stabil 14 2
Klorin Cl 17 35,453(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 35, 37Cl Stabil 17 3
Kobalt Co 27 58,933195(5) 59Co Stabil 9 4
Kopernisium Cn 112 [285]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 285Cn 30 dtk 12 7
Kripton Kr 36 83,798(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 80, 82, 83, 84, 86Kr Stabil 18 4
Kromium Cr 24 51,9961(6) 50, 52, 53, 54Cr Stabil 6 4
Kurium Cm 96 [247]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 247Cm 1,56Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Lantanum La 57 138,90547(7)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 139La Stabil   6
Lawrensium Lr 103 [266]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 266Lr 10 jam 3 7
Litium Li 3 6,941(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 6, 7Li Stabil 1 2
Livermorium Lv 116 [293]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 293Lv 53 mdtk 16 7
Lutesium Lu 71 174,967(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 175Lu Stabil 3 6
Magnesium Mg 12 24,3050(6) 24, 25, 26Mg Stabil 2 3
Mangan Mn 25 54,938045(5) 55Mn Stabil 7 4
Meitnerium Mt 109 [278]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 278Mt 4 dtk 9 7
Mendelevium Md 101 [258]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 258Md 51,5 hri   7
Molibdenum Mo 42 95,94(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98Mo Stabil 6 5
Moskovium Mc 115 [290]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 290Mc 650 mdtk 15 7
Natrium Na 11 22,98976928(2) 23Na Stabil 1 3
Neodimium Nd 60 144,242(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 142, 143, 145, 146, 148Nd Stabil   6
Neon Ne 10 20,1797(6)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 20, 21, 22Ne Stabil 18 2
Neptunium Np 93 [237]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 237Np 2,144Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Nihonium Nh 113 [286]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 286Nh 9,5 dtk 13 7
Nikel Ni 28 58,6934(2) 58, 60, 61, 62, 64Ni Stabil 10 4
Niobium Nb 41 92,906 38(2) 93Nb Stabil 5 5
Nitrogen N 7 14,0067(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 14, 15N Stabil 15 2
Nobelium No 102 [259]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 259No 58 mnt   7
Oganeson Og 118 [294]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 294Og 700 μdtk 18 7
Oksigen O 8 15,9994(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 16, 17, 18O Stabil 16 2
Osmium Os 76 190,23(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 187, 188, 189, 190, 192Os Stabil 8 6
Paladium Pd 46 106,42(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 102, 104, 105, 106, 108, 110Pd Stabil 10 5
Perak (Argentum) Ag 47 107,8682(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 107, 109Ag Stabil 11 5
Platina Pt 78 195,084(9) 192, 194, 195, 196, 198Pt Stabil 10 6
Plutonium Pu 94 [244]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 244Pu 8,08Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Polonium Po 84 [209]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 209Po 125,2 thn 16 6
Praseodimium Pr 59 140,90765(2) 141Pr Stabil   6
Prometium Pm 61 [145]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 145Pm 17,7 thn   6
Protaktinium Pa 91 231,03588(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 231Pa 3,276Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Radium Ra 88 [226]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 226Ra 1600 thn 2 7
Radon Rn 86 [222]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 222Rn 3,8235 hri 18 6
Raksa (Hydrargyrum) Hg 80 200,59(2) 196, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 204Hg Stabil 12 6
Renium Re 75 186,207(1) 185Re Stabil 7 6
Rodium Rh 45 102,905 50(2) 103Rh Stabil 9 5
Roentgenium Rg 111 [282]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 282Rg 2 mnt 11 7
Rubidium Rb 37 85,4678(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 85Rb Stabil 1 5
Rutenium Ru 44 101,07(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 96, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104Ru Stabil 8 5
Ruterfordium Rf 104 [267]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 267Rf 1,3 jam 4 7
Samarium Sm 62 150,36(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 144, 149, 150, 152, 154Sm Stabil   6
Seaborgium Sg 106 [269]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 269Sg 14 mnt 6 7
Selenium Se 34 78,96(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 74, 76, 77, 78, 80Se Stabil 16 4
Seng (Zincum) Zn 30 65,409(4) 64, 66, 67, 68, 70Zn Stabil 12 4
Serium Ce 58 140,116(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 136, 138, 140, 142Ce Stabil   6
Sesium Cs 55 132,9054519(2) 133Cs Stabil 1 6
Silikon Si 14 28,0855(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 28, 29, 30Si Stabil 14 3
Skandium Sc 21 44,955912(6) 45Sc Stabil 3 4
Stronsium Sr 38 87,62(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 84, 86, 87, 88Sr Stabil 2 5
Talium Tl 81 204,3833(2) 203, 205Tl Stabil 13 6
Tantalum Ta 73 180,94788(2) 180m, 181Ta Stabil 5 6
Teknesium Tc 43 [97]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 97Tc 4,21Template:Wp/btm/E thn 7 5
Telurium Te 52 127,60(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 120, 122, 123, 124, 125Te Stabil 16 5
Tembaga (Cuprum) Cu 29 63,546(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 63, 65Cu Stabil 11 4
Tenesin Ts 117 [294]Template:Wp/btm/Fn 294Ts 51 mdtk 17 7
Terbium Tb 65 158,92535(2) 159Tb Stabil   6
Timah (Stannum) Sn 50 118,710(7)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122, 124Sn Stabil 14 5
Timbal (Plumbum) Pb 82 207,2(1)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 204, 206, 207, 208Pb Stabil 14 6
Titanium Ti 22 47,867(1) 46, 47, 48, 49, 50Ti Stabil 4 4
Torium Th 90 232,03806(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 232Th 1,405Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Tulium Tm 69 168,93421(2) 169Tm Stabil   6
Uranium U 92 238,02891(3)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 238U 4,468Template:Wp/btm/E thn   7
Vanadium V 23 50,9415(1) 51V Stabil 5 4
Wolfram W 74 183,84(1) 182, 183, 184, 186W Stabil 6 6
Xenon Xe 54 131,293(6)Template:Wp/btm/Fn Template:Wp/btm/Fn 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 134Xe Stabil 18 5
Zirkonium Zr 40 91,224(2)Template:Wp/btm/Fn 90, 91, 92, 94Zr Stabil 4 5

Template:Wp/btm/Element color legend

Lihat pula

edit

Catatan

edit
  • Template:Wp/btm/Fnb Unsur ini tidak memiliki inti stabil. Nilai dalam tanda kurung kotak, misalnya [209], menunjukkan nomor massa isotop dengan waktu hidup terpanjang pada unsur tersebut. Namun, terdapat tiga unsur (Torium, Protaktinium, dan Uranium) yang memiliki ciri-ciri "terrestrial isotopic composition", sehingga yang ditunjukkan adalah massa atomnyalah yang diberikan.
  • Template:Wp/btm/Fnb Komposisi isotopik unsur ini bervariasi dalam beberapa spesimen geologis, dan variasinya mungkin melebihi seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam tabel ini.
  • Template:Wp/btm/Fnb Komposisi isotopik unsur ini dapat bervariasi dalam materi komersial, yang dapat menyebabkan berat atom menyimpang secara signifikan dari nilai yang ditunjukkan dalam tabel ini.
  • Template:Wp/btm/Fnb Komposisi isotopik bervariasi pada materi terrestrial, sehingga berat atom yang lebih tepat (precise) tidak dapat diberikan.
  • Template:Wp/btm/Fnb Berat atom Litium komersial dapat bervariasi antara 6,939 dan 6,996—analisis materi secara spesifik diperlukan untuk menemukan nilai yang lebih akurat.

Referensi

edit
  1. "What is Chemistry?". Chemweb.ucc.ie. isise 2011-06-12. 
  2. Chemistry. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary. Diakses 19 Agustus 2007.

Pranala luar

edit
  • Atoms made thinkable, visualisasi interaktif dari unsur-unsur yang memungkinkan sifat fisik dan kimia untuk dibandingkan
  • Top 50 Elements, kuis mengenai lambang kimia dari 50 unsur teratas dalam tabel periodik
 
on ma gambar ni tabel kimia na amrgolar ' tabel periodik unsur-unsur kimia'

Sumberna

edit