Ceci est le rapport annuel de l’Incubateur Wikimedia pour 2011. C’est la première fois qu’une tel chose est faite. L’Incubateur (http://incubator.wikimedia.org) est un wiki de la Fondation Wikimedia qui sert de plateforme où chacun peut construire une édition d'un projet Wikimedia dans une nouvelle langue (Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikinews et Wikiquote) qui ne possède pas encore son propre sous-domaine et à condition que cette langue soit reconnue. Ces dénommés « wikis de test » sur Incubateur peuvent être utiliser (presque) comme n’importe quel vrai wiki. Lorsque la communauté le désire et si il y a suffisamment d'activités, ils peuvent demander à migrer vers un sous-domaine propre par le biais de la procédure de demande pour les nouvelles langues.
Wikisource and Wikiversity ne sont pas mentionnés ci-dessu car leurs tests se font respectivement sur la Wikisource multilingue et la Beta Wikiversité. En ce qui concerne les wikis de test, ce rapport se concentrera principalement sur l’Incubator.
Le Language committee examine les demande et décidé de l’admissibilité des langues et détermine si les wikis de test ont une activité suffisante pour maintenir cette activité sur un sous-domaine.
Il est connu que le 10e anniversaire des Wikipédias a été fêté le 15 janvier ; mais cette année a aussi été le cinquième anniversaire de l’Incubatueur qui a été crée le 2 juin 2006.
12 new language subdomains of Wikimedia projects were created in 2011.
In January, Rusyn Wikipedia has been created, and in March Latgalian Wikipedia, Kabardian Wikipedia and Albanian Wikinews. Three Wikisources were also created, in , after a successful testing phase on Old Wikisource. Greek Wikinews got its own subdomain in April. In July, the Mingrelian Wikipedia and from outside of Incubator have been created. In September, Oriya Wiktionary was re-opened; this was the first time that a closed wiki became so active again on Incubator, so that the subdomain could be opened again. The last wiki created in this year was the Northern Sotho Wikipedia in November, which was interestingly the largest indigenous South African language Wikipedia even though it was the only one still on Incubator.
Upcoming projects are Veps Wikipedia and Western Punjabi Wiktionary, which were approved and are currently waiting for creation, while Tachelhit and Lezgian Wikipedia are still awaiting content verification.
Closing projects: SPQRobin made a proposal for a Policy on closing projects in February. Proposals for closing projects had no fixed rules before, but were more or less simply votes; sometimes users came by and made a "decision" by counting the votes and filing a bug accordingly. After the policy proposal had been elaborated further, it was adopted by Langcom and the Board of Trustees in May/June. The policy now defines several reasons for closing as either valid or invalid. The decision on closing projects is now within the responsibility of the Langcom and Board.
First Langcom actions about closing projects in happened in August; and currently the "2nd round" is ongoing. See the proposal page on Meta for details.
Kichwa language: On Incubator, a group of users started building a test Wikipedia in Kichwa, an Ecuadorian standard of Quechua. This "Unified Kichwa", however, is not included in the ISO 639 standard which Wikimedia uses for determining whether a language is acceptable or not. A temporary code is used now; a solution is pending.
Berber languages: Several Berber languages have their test wiki, and there is also effort to start a Standard Berber test wiki, which also lacks a valid code. There are also technical issues because in addition to Latin, the Tifinagh script is used which lacks proper software support. Having two scripts also requires script conversion.
In May, the Language Committee held its first real-life meeting in Berlin. We discussed a lot of topics, including linguistic issues, simple projects, ... We also made some decisions: the LangCom's activities are now more open by allowing observers. Robin volunteered to write monthly reports for the public.
In November, several LangCom members who also work for WMF and/or are a developer (Amir, Robin, Gerard, Santhosh) went to the Hackathon in Mumbai, India. Software tools (Narayam input method and WebFonts) were improved for Indic languages, but can also be used for other languages; they make it possible to type non-Latin scripts without having an appropriate keyboard available.
Wikimedia Australia and Wikimedia Indonesia are collaborating with the language committee to organise a 2012 Languages Conference in Indonesia. More info: http://www.wikimedia.org.au/wiki/Proposal:2012_Languages_conference
A new MediaWiki extension has been developed for Incubator, aptly called "WikimediaIncubator". It was enabled for the first time on 6 June, allowing users to set a test wiki preference (similar to the language preference), and to view a number of special pages, including Special:RecentChanges, on a per-test-wiki basis in order to make this more convenient and less confusing. The extension is continuously being improved. Some other features which should be mentioned are: checks to help users create pages (correctly) according to the "sorting system" of Incubator and the introduction of automatic "Welcome pages" for every possible project of every valid language. These pages contain information for people how they can start a new Wikipedia language version there & are adapted to each language and project and are translatable.
This last function is synergetic with a new feature added in December: instead of showing a 404 error page, the red links on Special:SiteMatrix now redirect to the respective Welcome page on Incubator, e.g. http://ss.wikiquote.org. Interwiki links are also possible e.g. [[xyz:Page]] on en.wikipedia links to http://incubator.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wp/xyz/Page"
Plans for 2012
For 2012, we hope to simplify the processes for requesting a new subdomain and to improve Incubator's usability. Therefore it will be easier for people to contribute here, resulting in an increased participation in new language versions. Unfortunately, our documentation is very poor at the moment, so that will be in our focus very much. It is also planned to gain more feedback from users about how the Incubator phase and wiki creation process could be made easier and more attractive.